The latest tally of Americans adults affected by diabetes finds more than 23 million struggle with the blood sugardisease.
Of those, the vast majority — 21 million cases — are caused by type 2 diabetes, which is often linked to overweight or obesity, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Another 1.3 million cases are attributed to type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disorder where the body fails to produce enough of the blood sugar hormone insulin.
The number of diabetes patients is now “nearly 10 percent of the entire [adult] population,” noted Dr. Robert Courgi, a diabetes specialist at Northwell Health’s Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, N.Y.
“As expected, the overwhelming majority is type 2 diabetes — usually caused by obesity and treated with pills,” added Courgi, who was not involved with the new report.
On the other hand, “type 1 diabetes results in a destruction of the pancreas, is difficult to diagnose and must be treated with insulin,” Courgi said. “Type 1 must be recognized quickly and treated appropriately.”